Bur Oak is a native shade tree species in the white oak family. It can grow up to a height of 80 feet and has a stately appearance, with branches that are large and spreading. Bur oaks have unique, deeply furrowed bark. Leaves are simple, alternate, and lobed. Bur Oaks need plenty of space, growing to a width of 80 feet. Bur oaks are an important tree species for wildlife, producing many acorns that provide food for several species of wildlife; including deer, squirrels, chipmunks, wild turkeys, wood ducks, and other avian species. It also provides a great deal of wildlife habitat in its branches, cavities, and bark. They even continue to be useful to wildlife after they die, providing habitat for salamanders and insects.
Bur Oaks are one of the most common trees in Minnesota. In Mendota Heights they make up 8.2% of the total Tree Canopy Area (Mendota Heights Natural Resources Management Plan, 2022). They have an extensive range throughout the Midwest. Bur Oaks are usually found in open stands or savanna ecosystems. They require dry to moist, well-drained soil and grow well in full sun to part shade.