Creeping Bellflower is an invasive species native to Europe and Asia. It has a tall spike of purple, individual bell-shaped flowers arranged on one side of the stem.
Leaves are basal, alternate, and often heart-shaped, especially towards the bottom of the stem. It has several look-alikes, such as native harebell, native bluebells, and the native tall bellflower (pictured below), so identify carefully before eradicating. Currently Creeping Bellflower is not regulated under the State of MN Noxious Weed Law, but is considered an invasive, high-risk species.
Creeping Bellflower spreads quickly by producing numerous seeds, as well as through rhizomes. It prefers moist soil and can grow in both shady and sunny areas.
Control methods for Creeping Bellflower:
- Repetitive applications of herbicide may be needed to control Creeping Bellflower where it is well established.
- Digging out of the entire root system of the plant, including all tubers and rhizomes.
- Burning may eradicate seedlings.